Case Study Examples In Nursing
Nurses are frequently required to write case studies for their patients. Case studies are used by nurses to determine whether or not a patient has a condition, and they can also be used as research papers. Case study examples in nursing will explain what symptoms to look for and how to treat these conditions. These examples will also help you understand the differences between different types of illnesses so that you can properly diagnose them when caring for your patients.
Streptococcal pharyngitis (also known as strep throat) is a bacterial infection of the throat. It can also cause soreness and swelling in the lymph nodes of your neck.
The most common symptom of strep throat is a sore, scratchy feeling in your throat or even pain when swallowing. Your tonsils may be red or swollen, and you might have white or yellow pus on them — especially if they’re infected with bacteria.
If you have any symptoms of strep throat but don’t get better after taking antibiotics for 10 days, talk to your doctor about testing for other conditions that may cause similar symptoms such as mononucleosis (mono).
Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder where the blood does not clot as it should. It is an inherited disease, passed from parent to child through genes. Hemophilia can happen to both males and females. The symptoms of hemophilia include easy bruising or bleeding, frequent nosebleeds, spontaneous bleeding from cuts or gum injuries, heavy menstrual periods and prolonged bleeding after surgery.
In people with hemophilia A (also called severe hemophilia), the clotting factor VIII is low or missing entirely. In people with hemophilia B (also called moderate hemophilia), either factor IX is low or missing entirely
Acute appendicitis is a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and fills with pus, causing it to swell. The appendix is a small pouch attached to the beginning of your large intestine. The purpose of the appendix is not completely understood, but it could help your body fight off infections in case you get them in there.
If you have acute appendicitis, you might have pain in your lower right side that moves around as you move or when you change position. It can feel like cramping or stabbing pain and may come and go throughout the day. You might also have nausea or vomiting; loss of appetite; bloating; diarrhea; constipation; a fever above 101°F (38°C), especially if accompanied by shaking chills (a sign of sepsis); and weakness, fatigue, dizziness or pale skin tone caused by anemia from blood being diverted away from internal organs to relieve pressure on the inflamed appendix (which causes red blood cells to break down faster than normal).
Acute appendicitis usually responds well to treatment with antibiotics and surgery within six hours after symptoms start appearing but may still require removal within 24 hours because complications can develop quickly after this time frame passes without treatment.
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. It is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability and occurs in about one out of every 700 births. Down syndrome is associated with characteristic physical features and developmental delays.
The cause of Down syndrome is an extra chromosome 21, which causes the characteristic features seen in this condition. The majority (85%) with Down syndrome have no other major birth defect or medical problem; however, they do have a higher risk than the general population for congenital heart disease, hearing loss and thyroid conditions such as hypothyroidism. Those with Down syndrome are often at increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease due to increasing age; however, it can occur at any age and does not always lead to dementia because many adults live well into their 60s or 70s without severe cognitive impairment.
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP)
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder where blood platelets are destroyed by the immune system.
Symptoms of ITP include:
- Swelling of hands, feet, or face
- Bruising easily
- Nosebleeds or bleeding from gums and skin rashes
Most people with ITP have no symptoms; however, if you have any symptoms then you should see your doctor immediately. Your doctor will probably need to run a few tests to confirm that it truly is ITP. Treatment for ITP usually involves having your blood replaced with either plasma or whole blood transfusions until your antibodies go away and then only requiring one or two transfusions every few months for maintenance purposes. Most people with this disease recover completely within 6 months without any lasting effects on their health; however some people can experience lifelong complications such as low platelet counts due to long-term exposure to corticosteroids which are used as part of their standard treatment protocol before eventually recovering completely like most other patients do who suffer from this condition at some point in their lives.”
Hodgkin’s lymphoma symptoms can be vague and may include:
- Painless swelling in your neck or underarm area
- Swollen lymph nodes that last for weeks or months at a time. The glands might feel hard to the touch, but they aren’t painful. If you have painless swelling in your neck or underarm area, it may be caused by Hodgkin’s lymphoma. But most people with Hodgkin’s disease don’t have pain in their lymph nodes; instead, their doctor finds the enlarged glands on physical examination.
Symptoms of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Treatment Treatment depends on the stage at diagnosis, but is usually done with radiation therapy (external beam radiation) combined with chemotherapy (internal therapy). Stage I and II patients are treated first with radiation alone, whereas those diagnosed as Stage III receive combination chemotherapy and external beam radiation treatment for four or six weeks before going into remission. For Stages IV or V patients who are already experiencing widespread metastasis from their cancer cells (which must be confirmed through biopsy), palliative care is recommended along with treatment if possible to control symptoms such as pain associated with bone marrow failure syndrome which can cause bleeding disorders among other health issues.
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. In children, pneumonia is a common cause of death. In older adults, pneumonia is one of the most frequent causes of death and can also lead to hospitalization.
Pneumonia symptoms include fever (usually higher than 100 degrees Fahrenheit), persistent cough with or without sputum production (the phlegm that comes out when you cough), difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (even while resting), chest pain on inspiration (when you breathe in), decreased appetite and fatigue despite restful sleep.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. In most cases, CHF is caused by an underlying disease such as chronic high blood pressure or coronary artery disease. However, it can also result from other conditions such as valvular heart disease and cardiomyopathy.
Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure include:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing while at rest
- Swelling in the legs and ankles due to fluid retention (edema)
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH)
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most common cause of maternal mortality in the United States. PPH is defined as a postbirth bleeding disorder that occurs after childbirth. It can be caused by a tear in the uterus or uterine artery laceration.
Postpartum hemorrhage has been known to affect women of all races, socioeconomic statuses and ages. However, black mothers are more likely than white mothers to experience PPH; they also have higher rates of mortality from this condition than do their white counterparts with greater severity associated with age at onset
Diabetes Mellitus type 2
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic disease that affects the way the body uses and stores glucose. In this condition, insulin is produced in insufficient quantities or not at all to regulate blood glucose levels. Glucose builds up in the blood and can’t enter cells due to resistance to insulin, so it builds up in the blood stream when it should be used for energy.
Nurses need to remember these case studies.
Nurses need to remember these case studies.
Nurses are often required to know and understand the case studies from their nursing program. These case studies can be used in a variety of ways, including for testing purposes and for assisting with teaching methods. In addition, nurses may need to use these case studies when making decisions about patients’ care plans.
We hope these case studies have helped you understand how nursing can be a rewarding career.