Nursing Care Plans For Anemia
Anemia is a condition in which the hemoglobin and hematocrit levels are reduced. It can be caused by a variety of factors such as iron deficiency anemia, acquired (secondary) or congenital (primary) anemias, lead poisoning and anemia of chronic disease. The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency. In other words, there isn’t enough iron in the body to make healthy red blood cells. Anemia can be mild or severe depending on how low your hemoglobin count is. If you have mild anemia you may only need supplements to help boost your body’s supply of iron or vitamin B12 for example. However if your anemia is severe then treatment will involve blood transfusions or sometimes even surgery if there’s not enough blood supply getting through to vital organs like the heart or brain because it depends on what exactly is causing their symptoms
Decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, RBC count and iron levels.
- Decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, RBC count and iron levels. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen through the body. A low level of hemoglobin may indicate anemia (a lack of red blood cells). The hematocrit is the percentage of red blood cells in whole blood; it can also be used to measure anemia. A high RBC count means there are more than normal amounts of red blood cells circulating in your body. An increase in iron stores can lead to an increase in RBC production and help prevent signs of anemia from developing further down the road.
Pallor of mucous membranes.
Pallor of mucous membranes is a sign of anemia and can be indicative of many other conditions. Pallor of mucous membranes can be caused by a number of medications including phenothiazines, narcotics, salicylates, and alcohol. If you see pallor of the mucous membranes in your patient, check their medications to see if there are any potential culprits.
Dyspnea is a feeling of difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, and breathlessness. The cause can be many things but the results are all similar:
- Painful breathing
- Feeling of suffocation
- Feeling as if you don’t get enough air into your lungs (or feel like your chest is very heavy)
Tachycardia is one of the most common signs of anemia. Tachycardia is defined as a heart rate that is faster than normal, usually over 100 beats per minute in adults and 60 to 70 beats per minute in children.
Weak, rapid pulse.
The pulse rate is a measure of the heart’s ability to pump blood. It is measured in beats per minute (BPM) and can be felt at one location on either side of the body, usually on the neck or wrist. The more oxygen-rich blood there is available to support your muscles, organs and brain cells, the better your energy level will be. If you have anemia, which means you do not have enough red blood cells or hemoglobin in your body to carry oxygen from place to place throughout your system, then you may experience a weak rapid pulse.
The heart rate is the number of times your heart beats per minute and varies depending upon activity level: slow-paced activity requires fewer beats than fast-paced activity does. A normal resting heart rate for most adults is between 60-100 BPM; however if this number goes above 100 BPM during exercise it could indicate certain underlying conditions such as cardiovascular disease or hypertension (high blood pressure). In addition to being an indicator of potential health problems like hypertension and cardiovascular disease; these two conditions also affect how efficiently our bodies use oxygen which makes them more likely candidates for anemia treatment programs than other types
Angina pectoris is a condition characterized by chest pain or discomfort that occurs when there is not enough oxygen in the heart muscle. The most common cause of angina is coronary artery disease (CAD), which restricts blood flow to the heart. The second most common cause of angina is aortic stenosis, or narrowing of the valve between your heart and your body’s main artery (aorta).
Angina symptoms occur when you’re under physical stress and/or emotional stress because it puts more strain on your heart muscle than usual. These symptoms may include:
- Tightness or squeezing pressure in your chest that can feel like an elephant sitting on it
- Pain in one or both arms, jaws, neck, jaw line; back pain; shortness of breath; nausea or lightheadedness
Headache is a common symptom of anemia, but it can also be a sign of other medical conditions. For example, headache may occur if you’re suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure. If you have migraine headaches, they may get worse as your hemoglobin level drops.
In addition to these physical causes, headache might also be a sign of mental health concerns such as depression and anxiety disorders. The person who suffers from them will typically experience headaches along with their mental health issues
Fatigue, lack of energy, lethargy.
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of anemia. It can be caused by the lack of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, which in turn results in not getting enough nutrients and oxygen to your tissues. The resulting physical fatigue can also lead to mental fatigue from being unable to concentrate on tasks or perform simple daily activities.
In order to prevent/treat this condition:
- Identify whether there are any underlying causes for your fatigue (i.e., heart or lung disease). If so, treat them with appropriate medications or other interventions as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
- Make sure you’re taking all necessary vitamins, minerals and supplements—especially iron supplements if you’re deficient in that nutrient due to anemia. But be careful about overdosing on iron! Too much can actually cause more harm than good if it’s not balanced properly with proper hydration because too much iron will bind up in the digestive system instead of being absorbed into cells where it’s needed most; this can result in stomach upset or diarrhea (or constipation), which would obviously make life even more miserable than it already is because now we have added discomfort thrown into the mix as well! You’ll need a separate prescription from your primary doctor just like vitamin C does when taken orally…so don’t try this at home folks! Check out webmd’s guide here: https://www
Pallor of the skin occurs when there is a decrease in hemoglobin or hematocrit, causing a reduction in oxygen-carrying capacity. Pallor results in cool, clammy and moist skin that may be dry. In severe cases of anemia, pallor is accompanied by weak pulse and tachycardia. The skin may also appear warm and flushed with a rubor on the nose and ears (called carotid flush).
A patient with anemia will often have pale lips as well as other areas of the body where blood vessels are more visible such as palms of hands/feet and nail beds. Skin color can range from yellow to brownish red; these discolorations indicate different stages of hypoxia (lack of oxygen).
Cold hands and feet with intolerance to cold temperatures.
Cold hands and feet are a sign of anemia. This is because red blood cells carry oxygen to the brain, which is why it becomes more difficult for you to think clearly when you are short on oxygen. The coldness also means there is not enough heat being produced in your body.
Cold hands and feet could be a sign of hypoxia, which means that your blood has too little oxygen in it. It may also mean that you have low blood volume or low hemoglobin levels. The symptoms include:
- Cold hands and feet, especially at night
- Dizziness when standing up quickly
Brittle nails with ridges or koilonychias (spoon-shaped nails).
Brittle nails with ridges or koilonychias (spoon-shaped nails).
Condition: Brittle nails with ridges or koilonychias (spoon-shaped nails) is a common nutritional deficiency. This condition can be caused by low levels of iron, vitamin B12, folate and/or zinc. It is also associated with alcohol abuse and prolonged exposure to water.
It can lead to nail shedding and may be accompanied by hair loss in the outer third of the eyebrow.
The most important thing for nurses is to know the signs and symptoms of anemia and to develop a nursing care plan for anemia.
Before you begin to create a nursing care plan for anemia, you need to understand the cause of the anemia. If the patient has been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia, then it is important that they receive supplemental iron in order to correct their condition. The best way to deliver supplemental iron is through injections or infusions (IV). If your patient has a bleeding ulcer, then they will need blood transfusions until they can stop bleeding or if their doctor prescribes medication that will stop their ulcer from bleeding.
If you are creating a nursing care plan for your older adult patients who are suffering from chronic kidney disease and have anemia caused by it, then it is important for them to get dialysis treatments several times per week so that their kidneys can function better and filter out all of the toxins from their body including excess red blood cells. It may also help these older adults increase the amount of protein in their diet because protein helps build new red blood cells faster than carbohydrates do which means less time spent waiting around while those cells grow inside our bodies or outside them depending upon whether yours were injected directly into your veins using syringes filled with some kind of liquid solution containing high levels o hemoglobin molecules (which carry oxygen molecules inside them) before being inserted into one’s bloodstream via intravenous tubing inserted directly into veins located under pressure points such as wrists.”
Anemia is a common condition that affects millions of people. It’s important for nurses to know the signs and symptoms of anemia and develop a nursing care plan for this condition.