Test Bank Nursing Fundamentals
Test Bank Nursing Fundamentals
Nursing Fundamentals is a comprehensive nursing textbook that covers essential topics in nursing. It is a detailed introduction to the theoretical and practical aspects of nursing, including medical terminology and anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology. The textbook is divided into two units: Unit I – Basics of Nursing Care Delivery; Unit II – Needs of Patients with Disruptions in Health Patterns
Chapter 01 Roles and Responsibilities of the Professional Nurse
The role of the nurse is that of a professional who assumes responsibility for the nursing process, including the physical and psychosocial care of patients. The professional nurse is responsible for providing safe, competent nursing care to patients in any setting using accepted best practices. This includes educating and communicating with other members of the health care team, as well as participating in research activities designed to improve patient outcomes.
The professional nurse provides direct patient care through assessment and planning processes; implementation of evidence-based practices; evaluation for effectiveness; maintenance of client records; collaboration with other members of the healthcare team; development or modification of policies/procedures related to client care (when appropriate); participation in quality improvement activities at all levels within an organization (when appropriate); participation in interdisciplinary teams as an integral member (when appropriate).
Chapter 02 Safety in Nursing Practice
The safety of patients and staff is one of the most important concerns in nursing. It is essential for nurses to be aware of the various types of hazards that exist in the workplace. Nurses should know how to recognize these hazards, prevent them from occurring, report them when they do occur, treat injuries that result from an unsafe situation, dispose of unsafe materials appropriately, and work with others to improve overall safety practices.
Types of Safety Hazards
A hazard is anything that poses an unreasonable risk with regard to health and/or life. There are three types of hazards: physical (physical), chemical (chemical), and biological (biological). Physical hazards include moving equipment, sharp objects such as needles or glass fragments that can cut someone’s skin if they fall onto them accidentally while walking around your facility; electrical wires near water sources such as sinks or toilets; slippery floors caused by wet cleaning chemicals spilled on them; gases generated during combustion processes like those used by heating systems; sudden pressure changes inside containers holding oxygen tanks used by patients with respiratory diseases such as emphysema who require supplemental oxygen therapy at home but cannot afford private health insurance coverage through their employers’ group plans so instead rely solely on Medicare coverage which does not cover supplemental oxygen supplies unless there has been prior authorization approval received beforehand from both physicians involved along with insurance companies administering benefits under these programs.”
Chapter 03 Comfort and Pain Management
As a nurse, you have the opportunity to help patients manage their pain and maintain comfort. You can also provide support for family members or caregivers who are caring for a loved one with a chronic condition that requires frequent visits to the doctor’s office or hospital.
In this chapter, you’ll learn about:
- The importance of being able to identify and assess discomfort and pain in your patients
- Ways to prevent unnecessary discomfort or pain in your patients
- Methods of relieving discomfort or reducing pain in hospitalized patients
Chapter 04 Legal Issues that Affect Nursing Practice
- Law and ethics
- Legal issues related to nursing practice
- Nursing practice and the law
Chapter 05 Infection Control
You should know that infection control is an important factor in nursing. It’s important to be knowledgeable about how to prevent the spread of infection, how to treat it and what actions you can take when contacting a patient with a contagious disease.
The first step in infection control is recognizing the signs of an illness or injury. The best way to do this is by talking with people who have been exposed to the same illness or injury so they can tell you what symptoms they experienced and if any of them are present in you as well. If someone else has come down with the same illness or injury as yours, then you will most likely get it too because there are many viruses that are airborne (such as colds) that can easily be spread when coming into contact with another person who already has them on their hands or skin surface areas like eyes/mouth/nose etc..
Chapter 06 Patient Education
Patient education is an important part of any nursing process. Patient education can be used to improve compliance with treatment regimens, promote self-care, and prevent complications.
In order to maximize the effectiveness of patient education, you should first assess the patient’s needs by asking them questions about their preferences and medical history. To do this, you should ask open-ended questions that allow patients to tell their story in their own words rather than simply answering yes/no or multiple choice questions.
This section details how to provide effective patient education for compliance with treatment regimens and for promoting self-care skills. It also gives tips on how best to give this information based on your relationship with each individual patient (for example whether they are young children or elderly adults).
Chapter 07 Physical, Behavioral, and Cultural Assessment
Assessment is an important part of the nursing process. The nurse needs to assess a patient’s physical, behavioral, and cultural needs in order to provide quality care. The following sections will discuss each type of assessment in detail:
Physical Assessment – This section discusses how to perform a basic physical assessment on a patient as well as other methods that can be used to collect information about them (e.g., diagnostic tests).
Behavioral Assessment – Behavioral assessments can be performed by nurses in many different ways, including direct observation or asking questions about behaviors observed by others (e.g., family members). In addition to these two approaches, there are some specific techniques used when assessing behaviors such as pain management and self-care skills issues that might occur within their environment due to illness or injury. Cultural Assessment – Culture refers primarily to ethnicity but also includes religion and socioeconomic status among other factors which influence how people live their lives every day – whether they practice certain traditions or follow certain rules set forth by society at large
Chapter 08 Vital Signs
In this chapter, you will learn about the following vital signs:
- Heart rate (HR)
- Respiratory rate (RR)
- Temperature (TEMP)
- Blood pressure (BP)
Chapter 09 Communication in Nursing Practice
- Communication is a vital component in nursing practice.
- Communication skills are important in all aspects of nursing.
- Communication skills are essential in providing care, building relationships with patients, educating patients and conveying information to patients.
Chapter 10 Ethics and Health Care Policy in Nursing Practice
This chapter provides a framework for understanding ethical issues in nursing practice. It begins by defining ethics and giving examples of ethical principles that are relevant to nursing. Then, it describes some of the ethical dilemmas that nurses face in clinical practice and provides strategies for resolving them. The chapter also discusses how nurses can make decisions when they do not know what is right or wrong; how research subjects can make informed decisions about participation in research studies; and how teachers, administrators, researchers, and leaders should act ethically within their respective roles.
The field of ethics has been defined as “the study of right conduct” or “the study of good vs evil,” or even more broadly as “the study of values that determine what is right or wrong with regard to actions taken by people who are responsible for themselves (individuals) or actions taken by people who cannot take responsibility for themselves because they do not have free will (children).
Unit II The Needs of Patients with Disruptions in Health Patterns
- Comfort and dignity. The patient’s need for comfort and dignity is essential. Nurses must ensure that the environment is both safe and unobtrusive, providing privacy and confidentiality so that patients can express their feelings freely.
- Safety. A safe environment is critical to the well-being of patients with disruptions in health patterns. To ensure the safety of your patients, you should adopt universal precautions by using aseptic technique when providing care or handling equipment that comes into contact with bodily fluids; don’t forget to wash your hands before leaving any patient’s room!
Chapter 11 Patient and Family Responses to Medical Emergencies and Stressors
Crisis management involves a team effort. The nurse’s role is to provide information, emotional support, and assistance with problem solving. In addition, nurses may coordinate with other members of the health care team who are involved in crisis management.
The nurse must be able to respond appropriately to unique situations that occur during an emergency situation or stressful event. This includes providing information about the patient’s condition and plan of care as well as responding appropriately when individuals become distressed or worried about their loved ones’ conditions.
It is important for nurses to understand how each individual’s cultural background might affect his or her response to crisis situations and stressful situations in order to provide appropriate support services that address these needs effectively..
Nurses should expect families will not react predictably; therefore addressing each family member individually is essential when providing emotional support during critical care situations where possible outcomes are unclear (e..g., brain death).
Chapter 12 Patients with Acute Pain Syndromes, Burns, and Trauma-Related Injuries or Death
The following section provides an overview of the types and sources of pain, as well as how it can be managed.
Pain is a complex phenomenon that involves many factors—physiological, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual. Pain may be acute or chronic; it can result from injury to any part of the body; it has several different mechanisms (e.g., nociceptive or neuropathic); and it varies in intensity for each individual person. There is no one cause for all types of pain; rather there are many causes with varying degrees of severity. Thus pain management requires a combination of pharmacologic interventions (medications), nonpharmacologic interventions (such as relaxation techniques) and interventional procedures that take into account these various factors when treating patients with acute pain syndromes, burns or trauma-related injuries or death
Chapter 13 Patients With Cardiovascular Disorders – Heart Disease, Heart Failure and Hypertension
A cardiovascular disorder is any disease or condition affecting the heart and blood vessels. It is the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for over one-third of all deaths in this country each year. You will learn more about cardiovascular disorders in this chapter and throughout your nursing career.
In addition to heart disease and hypertension being common causes of hospitalization, they are also very prevalent among patients with diabetes mellitus who have other coexisting conditions such as peripheral vascular disease (poor circulation) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The most common cardiovascular problem experienced by people with diabetes is atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries), which can result in coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, peripheral vascular disease, amputation due to poor circulation, congestive heart failure (CHF), cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac death and angina pectoris—a symptom that occurs when an area of tissue receives decreased blood flow from narrowed arteries.
Chapter 14 Patients With Respiratory Disorders – Respiratory Failure and Infections of the Respiratory System
Respiratory failure is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the lungs cannot adequately exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. This can be caused by many factors, including:
- The patient has an underlying disease or injury that causes respiratory distress
- The patient’s breathing muscles are weakened by anesthesia or sedation
- Infection in the airways (such as pneumonia)
- Trauma to the chest wall and lungs, such as broken ribs or lacerations of large airways such as bronchi
Test Bank Nursing Fundamentals
Test Bank Nursing Fundamentals is the perfect study aid for students who need extra help understanding and applying concepts to real-world scenarios. The book covers all of the information you’ll need as an entry-level nurse, including anatomy and physiology, medical terminology, basic nursing skills like taking vital signs and administering medications, as well as specialized topics such as caring for newborns or geriatric patients.
The book’s contents are fully searchable by topic or keyword; each chapter includes review questions with answers; appendices contain tables of normal lab values and drug dosages; an index helps you find what you’re looking for quickly; a glossary defines key terms within their relevant chapters; end-of-chapter summaries summarize main points from each section so that they’re easy to review before exams.
The test bank is a great resource for students and professors alike. The material is organized in such a way that it’s easy to find what you need, and each chapter ends with a summary of key concepts. The chapters themselves are comprehensive but not overwhelming, so they can be read at your own pace without losing any important information along the way.